Research ethics and malpractice statement guideline

Publication ethics and malpractice statement Guidelines:

1-Editorial board General duties and responsibilities:

  • The Editorial board has the responsibility to make sure that all published research articles will be reviewed by experienced reviewers.
  • The Decision of the editorial board to accept or reject a submitted paper for publication should be achieved in accordance to the originality, importance, clarity, and study’s validity of the submitted paper. The  Editorial board has the authority to comment on possible misconduct of the submitted research and publication (i.e. inadequate detail of patient consent, inadequacy of research subjects and inconvenient manipulation and presentation of research data, data falsification and data fabrication.


2- Editorial Conflict of Interest:

 Editors should not be involved in decisions making regarding any manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest, for instance, if they work or have worked in the same institution and collaborated with the author/co-others, if they have a personal relationship with the author/co-others, or if they own stock in a particular company/institutions.


  • Anonymity and Confidentiality:

  The members of editorial board have the responsibility of keeping author’s personal information anonymous and any data or information provided as  part of the study will not expose or display the identity of the author/co-authors with an exception of that necessary information that has been authorized by the authors, consultants , editors and publisher.


  • Editorial and peer review processes:

The editorial board should work hardly to ensure that the peer review process is fair and unbiased and on time.

The editorial board has the responsibility to ensure that the selected reviewer/reviewers has/have good expertise in the applicable field of the particular manuscript. It is also important for the editors to use the “double blind” system to ensure the confidentiality of the materials for the submitted manuscript.

 Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

It is not permitted for the chief - in -Editior or the members of the editorial board to use any information stated in the unpublished manuscripts or papers for their own scientific research except by having written permission from the original author (s)of the research.

Correction and retraction of Articles:

Corrections may be made to a published article with the authorization of the editor of the journal. Editors will decide the magnitude of the corrections. Minor corrections are made directly to the original article. However, in cases of major corrections, the original article will remain unchanged, while the corrected version will also be published. Both the original and corrected version will be linked to each other. A statement indicating the reason for the major change to the article will also be published. When necessary, retraction of articles will be done according to COPE retraction guidelines

Guidelines for Reviewers:

 Contribution to the Editorial board Decision:

The reviewer in the main stage in the decision making in which their decision will help the author throughout communicating with editorial board  to address the positive and negative aspects of the manuscript and giving scientific hints for the corrections of pitfalls

The reviewers have the right to inform the Editorial board that the reviewed manuscript is out of the journal’s scope /aim and/or have many difficulties that make it impossible to be accepted for reviewing and publishing in the journal.

The reviewers have also the right to decline revision of any manuscript that is out of his/her field where the scientific decision could not be established/ recognized or conducted.



The reviewers should not discuss or disclose any point in the manuscript with anyone except with the editorial board members.

 Ethical Considerations:

Reviewers should revise the manuscript looking for any potential ethical issues and inform the editorial board.

Peer reviewers should be asked to assess research and publication ethics issues (i.e. whether they think the research was done and reported ethically, or if they have any suspicions of plagiarism, fabrication, falsification, or redundant publication). It is important to inform the editorial board about any substantial similarity or overlap with other papers published in other journals in the same field.

 Disclosure and Conflict of Interests

It is not allowed to use any information and ideas stated in the arbitrated manuscripts by the arbitrators for personal purposes, competitive interests, or any other interests, and wouldn’t be taken into consideration when reviewing a manuscript of any of the authors, institutions, or companies involved.

Guidelines for authors:

Responsible Research Publication:

Reliability and honesty:

Researcher /researchers should submit a manuscript conducted in an ethical and responsible manner and should comply with all relevant legislation. Author/Authors should present their results honestly without falsification, fabrication or inappropriate data manipulation. The research image (i.e. x-ray, graphs, micrographs, etc...) should not be updated in a misleading manner.

Researchers should pursue the method used and their results clearly and unambiguously.

Researchers should notify the editor immediately if they discover any error or misleading data when the research submitted, accepted and published. A required correction should be made through cooperation between the author and editors.

An accurate citation and quotation of other researcher’s work should be described in the submitted work. It is not permitted to copy references from other publications if the authors have not read the cited work.

 Research Balance:

The work of others should be fairly represented. Editorial opinion that presents a single viewpoint or argument should be clearly distinguished from scholarly reviews.

 Research Originality:

Work should not be submitted concurrently to more than one publication unless the editors have agreed to co-publication. Copyright material (i.e. figures, tables, charts and extensive quotation) should be reproduced only with appropriate permission and acknowledgment. Original wording taken directly from publications by other researchers should appear in quotation marks with the appropriate citations. Multiple publications arising from a single research project should be clearly identified as such and the primary publication should be referenced.


All sources of research funding, including direct and indirect financial support, supply of equipment or materials, and other support (such as specialist statistical or writing assistance) should be disclosed.  

 Authorship and acknowledgment:

Authors who have made significant contributions to the work including idea of the research, design, data acquisition, implementation, and writing (see Authorship criteria). One of the authors must be appointed as a coordinator to be in contact with the journal. Final approval should be given for the final version of the manuscript submitted for publication. other who contributes at a lower scale can be recognized in the acknowledgment.

 Accountability and Responsibility:

All Authors should have read and be familiar with the reported work and should ensure that publications follow the principles set out in these guidelines.

Authors should work with the editor or publisher to correct their work promptly if errors or omissions are discovered after publication.

Authors should follow the journal standards and abide by the relevant regulations and conventions

 to make their research material, datasets available for other researchers.

Authors should respond to reviewers’ comments in a professional and timely manner. Responsible reporting of research involving humans or animals:

Appropriate approval, licensing or registration should be obtained before research begins and details should be provided (i.e. an approval letter from institutional ethical committee board/department). Authors should not publish or share identifiable individual data collected in the course of research without specific consent from those individuals or their representatives. The appropriate statistical analysis should be determined at the start of the study and data analysis plan for the pre-specified outcomes should be prepared and followed. Authors should supply research protocols to journal editors if required (i.e. clinical trial) hence, reviewers and editors can compare the research report to the protocol to check that it was carried out as planned and that no relevant details have been omitted.

 Disclosure and Conflict of Interests

Authors should reveal financial support or any other sort of support provided. Also, they should reveal any financial conflicts or other issues that affect the results or the interpretations of the research.